Gold Nanoparticles on Polarizable Surfaces as Raman Scattering Antennas

TitleGold Nanoparticles on Polarizable Surfaces as Raman Scattering Antennas
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsS-Y. Chen, J.J. Mock, R.T. Hill, A. Chilkoti, D.R. Smith, A..A. Lazarides
JournalACS Nano
Pagination6535 - 6546
Date Published11/2010

Surface plasmons supported by metal nanoparticles are perturbed by coupling to a surface that is polarizable Coupling results in enhancement of near fields and may increase the scattering efficiency of radiative modes. In this study, we investigate the Rayleigh and Raman scattering properties of gold nanoparticles functionalized with cyanine deposited on silicon and quartz wafers and on gold thin films Dark field scattering images display red shifting Of the gold nanoparticle plasmon resonance and doughnut shaped scattering patterns when particle are deposited on sillicon or on a gold film. The imaged radiation patterns and individual particle spectra reveal that the polarizable substrates control both the orientation and brightness of the radiative modes Comparison with simulation indicates that, in a particle-surface system-with a fixed junction width, plasmon band shifts are quantitatively by the permittivity of the wafer or the film Surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) spectra and images are collected from cyanine on particles on gold films. SERRS images of the particles on gold films are doughnut shaped as are their Rayleigh images, indicating that the SERRS is controlled by the polarization of plasmons in the antenna nanostructures. Near field enhancement and radiative efficiency of the antenna are sufficient to enable Raman scattering cyanines to function as gap field probes. Through collective interpretation of individual particle Rayleigh spectra and spectral simulations, the geometric basis for small observed variations in the wavelength and intensity of plasmon resonant scattering from individual antenna on the three surfaces is explained.

Short TitleACS Nano